Frequently Asked Questions

From the date of dissolution any assets held by a dissolved company will be 'Bona Vacantia'. This means they belong to the Crown. The company's bank account will be frozen and any credit balance in the account will be passed to the Crown.

Administrative Restoration

If a company is to be restored to the Register to continue trading all outstanding information must be submitted to the Registrar. This could include confirmation statements and accounts and forms appointing a director, resigning a director or amending the registered office of the company.

Once all the necessary documents have been correctly submitted to the Registrar the company will be restored to the Register often within a few days.

Restoration by Court Order

Where the company is to be restored by Court Order the process is likely to take about 3 to 4 months.

Yes. The Treasury Solicitor, whose costs are normally met by the claimant(s), will represent the Registrar. In addition the company must normally pay any statutory penalties for late filing of accounts delivered to the Registrar outside the period allowed by the Companies Act 2006. The penalties that may be due are:

Unpaid penalties outstanding on accounts delivered late before the company was dissolved; and

Penalties due for accounts delivered on restoration, if these accounts were overdue at the date the company was dissolved.

The level of any late filing penalty depends on how late the accounts are when the Registrar receives them.

In the case of accounts delivered on restoration, the period during which the company was dissolved is disregarded.


Length of delay (measured from the date the accounts are due) Penalty: Private company Penalty: Public company
Not more than 1 month £150 £750
More than 1 month but not more than 3 months £375 £1,500
More than 3 months but not more than 6 months £750 £3,000
More than 6 months £1,500 £7,500

For example a private company's set of acceptable accounts for the accounting period ending 30 September 2014 would need to be delivered by 30 June 2015 to avoid a late filing penalty. If they were not delivered to Companies House until 15 July 2015 the company will incur a late filing penalty of £150.

The penalties will be doubled if a company files its accounts late in two successive financial years beginning on or after 6 April 2008. So, if a private company has an accounting reference date of 30 September and the accounts for the period ending 30 September 2014 were delivered up to one month late, and the accounts for the period ending 30 September 2015 were delivered up to one month late, then there would be a £300 late filing penalty in respect of the 2015 accounts.

Yes, if it is neither in business nor in operation. The Registrar may take this view if, for example:

  • He has not received documents from a company that should have sent them to him; or
  • Mail he has sent to a company’s registered office is returned undelivered.

Before the Registrar strikes a company off the register, he must write two formal letters to the company's registered office to enquire whether it is still carrying on in business. If he is satisfied that it is not carrying on in business, he will publish a notice in the relevant Gazette, stating his intention to strike the company off the register unless he is shown reason not to do so.

A copy of the notice will be placed on the company's public record. If the registrar sees no reason to do otherwise, he will strike off the company not less than three months after the date of the notice. The company will be dissolved on publication of a further notice stating this in the Gazette.

From the date of dissolution, any assets of a dissolved company will be 'bona vacantia'. This is the technical name for property that passes to the Crown because it does not have a legal owner. The company's bank account will be frozen and any credit balance in the account will be passed to the Crown.

The Registrar will take into account representations from the company and other interested parties such as creditors. If there is good reason not to strike the company off the register, he may suspend the action until the objection is resolved.

How does the Registrar’s intention to strike off a company appear in the London Gazette?

The Company Law Official Notifications Supplement to the London Gazette publishes weekly notices on microfiche. Copies are available from:

  • The London Gazette
  • PO Box 7923
  • London
  • SE1 5ZH

www.london-gazette.co.uk

An application for administrative restoration can be made by a former director or member of a company.

Generally, any of the following may make an application for restoration:

  • Any former director, member, creditor or liquidator;
  • Any person who had a contractual relationship with the company or who had a potential legal claim against the company;
  • Any person who had an interest in land or property in which the company also had an interest, right or obligation;
  • Any manager or trustee of the company's former employees' pension fund;
  • Any other person who appears to the Court to have an interest in the matter.
  • Except in the case of a personal injury the application for restoration must be made within six years of the date of dissolution of the company.

For the purposes of bringing a claim for damages for personal injury, you may make an application for restoration at any time, but the Court does not have to make an order for restoration if it believes that the claim would fail due to legal time limits placed on it.

A company has a unique company number. Legally, it is referred to by that company number and not by the company name. This is because the company name can be changed but never the company number. Any assets of a dissolved company remain in that dissolved company. Once a dissolved company has been restored it will continue as if it had never been struck off and any assets in the company at the date of strike off will be returned.

In order to restore the company it may be necessary to submit an outstanding confirmation statement. The confirmation statement cannot be filed electronically as the company is dissolved and it is therefore necessary to submit the form on paper.

The filing fee for paper confirmation statements are due after 1 October 2009 is £40 per Return.

A Company can be restored through an administrative restoration regardless of whether the company was removed by the Registrar under the 1985 or the 2006 Companies Act. The general belief is that to be eligible for an administrative restoration the company must have been:

  • Struck off the register under sections 1000 to 1002 of the Companies Act 2006, and
  • Dissolved for no more than 6 years at the date the registrar receives the application for restoration

However companies that have been struck off the register under section 652 of the 1985 Companies Act can be administratively restored under section 1024 of the 2006 Companies Act provided they meet the conditions set out in section 1025 of the 2006 Companies Act

To find out if your company can be administratively restored please contact us.

For a nominal fee, we can assist in the preparation of the accounts and confirmation statements that are required in order to bring the affairs of the company up to date in order for the company to be restored.

We can also assist in ensuring that the necessary forms relating to the appointment and resignation of directors and secretaries and changes of registered office are completed and ready for submission to the registrar.

Please contact us for further information.

The company's name could be changed on restoration if at the date of restoration the company's former name is the same as, or similar to, another name on the Registrar's index of company names.

If this is the case, it will need to choose an alternative name, and on restoration, a change of name certificate will be issued.

Or, The Registrar could restore the company to the Register using its registered number as the company name. The company then has 14 days from the date of restoration in which to change its name.

Alternatively, the directors could pass a resolution to change the company name. A copy of the resolution and notice (Form NM05) of the change of name should be sent to Companies House with the appropriate fee.

News


Royal Bank of Scotland starts the refund process of complex fees to businesses who were placed in its Global Restructuring Group during 2008 and 2013.

For companies that are still on the register the automatic refund is a simple process. However a significant proportion of the companies that were served by GRG may have been liquidated or closed down and struck off the register at Companies House. In order for such companies to receive the refund they will need to restored to the register.

Shareholders of companies due a refund will have started receiving letters from RBS detailing the compensation due to the company they were a shareholder of and a notification that in order to receive the refund they need to restore the company. It is important to note that only companies that have been dissolved for less than six years may apply for restoration.

If you or your client have received such a letter and are seeking to restore a company please contact us now. Our team have years’ of experience in restoring dissolved companies and can handle this process as quickly and efficiently as possible for you.

Please contact us if you have any other questions.